1. There are three primeval Unities, and more than one of each cannot exist: one God; one truth; and one point of liberty, and this is where all opposites equiponderate.
2. Three things proceed from the three primeval Unities: all life; all goodness; all power.
3. God consists necessarily of three things: the greatest in respect
of life; the greatest in respect of
knowledge; and the greatest in respect of power; and there can only be one of what is greatest in any thing.
4. Three things it is impossible God should not be: whatever perfect goodness ought to be; whatever perfect goodness would desire to be; and whatever perfect goodness can be.
5. The three witnesses of God in respect of what He has done and will do: infinite power; infinite knowledge; and infinite love; for there is nothing that these cannot perform, do not know, and will not bring to pass.
6. The three ultimate ends of God's regulation in giving existence
to every thing: to weaken the evil; to
strengthen the good; and to manifest all discrimination, that what ought to be might be known from what ought not to be.
7. Three things which God cannot but perform: what is most useful; what is most necessary; and what is most beautiful of all things.
8. The three stabilities of existence: what cannot be otherwise; what need not be otherwise; and what cannot be conceived better; and in these will all things end.
9. Three things will necessarily exist: the supreme power; the supreme intelligence; and the supreme love of God.
10. The three characteristics of God: complete life; complete knowledge; and complete power.
11. The three causes of living beings: the love of God in accord
with the most perfect intelligence; the
understanding of God knowing all possible means; and the power of God in accord with supreme will, love, and intelligence.
12. There are three Circles of existence: the Circle of Ceugant, where there is nothing but God, of living or dead, and none but God can traverse it; the Circle of Abred, where all things are by nature derived from death, and man has traversed it; and the Circle of Gwynvyd, where all things spring from life, and man shall traverse it in heaven.
13. The three states of existence of living beings: the state of
Abred in Annwn; the state of liberty in
humanity; and the state of love, that is, Gwynvyd in heaven.
14. The three necessities of all animated existences: a beginning
in Annwn; progression in Abred; and
plenitude in heaven, that is, the circle of Gwynvyd; without these three things nothing can exist but God.
15. Three things are necessary in Abred: the least of all animation, and thence a beginning; the material of all things, and thence increase, which cannot take place in any other state; and the formation of all things out of the dead, hence diversity of existence.
16. Three things cannot but happen to all living beings by the justice of God: cc-sufferance in Abred, because without that none could obtain the perfect knowledge of anything; co-participation of equal privilege in the love of God; and co-ultimity, through the power of God, in respect of such as are just and merciful.
17. The three necessary occasions of Abred: to collect the materials of every nature; to collect the knowledge of every thing; and to collect strength to overcome every adverse and Cythraul, and to be divested of evil; without this traversing of every state of life, no animation or species can attain to plenitude.
18. The three principal calamities of Abred: necessity; forgetfulness; and death.
19. The three principal necessities before fullness of knowledge
can be obtained: to traverse Abred; to
traverse Gwynvyd; and the remembrance of all as far as Annwn.
20. Three things indispensably connected with Abred: forgetfulness for it cannot be otherwise; the escape of death or evil and Cythraul; and the increase of life and goodness, by being divested of evil in the escapes of death; and this from the love of God embracing all things.
21. The three instrumentalities of God in Abred for the subduing
of evil and Cythraul, and escaping from them
towards Gwynvyd: necessity; forgetfulness; and death.
22. There are three primary contemporaries : man; liberty; and light.
23. The three necessary obligations of man: to suffer; to change;
and to choose; and whilst he has the power
of choosing, the other two things are not known before they happen.
24. The three equiportions of man: Abred and Gwynvyd; necessity and
liberty; evil and good; all
equiponderate, man having the power of attaching himself to the one he pleases.
25. From three things will the necessity of Abred fall on man: from
not endeavoring to obtain knowledge; from
non-attachment to good; and from attachment to evil; occasioned by these things he will fall to his congener in
Abred, whence he will return, as at first.
26. From three things will man fall of necessity in Abred, though
he has in every thing else attached himself to
good: from pride even to Annwn; from falsehood to a corresponding state of perception; and from
unmercifulness to a similarly disposed animal, whence, as at first, he returns to humanity.
27. The three primaries of the state of man: the first accumulations
of knowledge, love, and power, without
death. This cannot take place, in virtue of liberty and choice, perhaps to humanity: these are called the three
28. The three victories over evil and Cythraul: knowledge; love;
and power; for these know, will, and can do,
their conjunctive capacity, what they desire; they begin in the state of man, and continue for ever.
29. The three privileges of the state of man : equiponderance of
evil and good, whence comparativity; liberty
of choice, whence judgment and preference; and the origin of power, proceeding from judgment and
preference, since these must necessarily exist before any other action.
30. The three inevitable differences between man, or any other living
being, and God: man is finite, which God
cannot be; man had a beginning, which God could not have; man must needs change his condition successively
in the circle of Gwynvyd, from not being able to endure the Ceugant, but God needs not, being able to endure
all things and that consistently with felicity.
31. The three primaries of Gwynvyd: cessation of evil; cessation of want; and the cessation of perishing.
32. The three restorations of the circle of Gwynvyd: original Awen;
primitive love; and primitive memory;
because without these there can be no Gwynvyd.
33. Three things discriminate every animate being from others: Awen;
memory; and perception: these will be
complete in every one, and cannot be common to any other living being; each will be plenary, and two
plenaries of any thing cannot exist.
34. Three things has God given to every living being: namely the
plenitude of his species ; the distinction of
his individuality; and the characteristic of a primitive Awen as different from another; this is what constitutes
the complete self of every one as apart from another.
35. From understanding three things will ensue the elimination and
subjugation of all evil and death: their
cure; their cause; and their operation ; and this will be obtained in Gwynvyd.
36. The three stabilities of knowledge: to have transcended every
state of life; to remember every state and
its contents; and to be able to traverse every state, as one would wish, for the sake of experience and
judgment; and it will be obtained in the circle of Gwynvyd.
37. The three characteristics of every living being in the circle
of Gwynvyd: vocation; privilege; and Awen; nor
is it possible for two beings to be identical in every thing, for every one will be complete in what is
characteristic of him; and there is nothing complete without comprehending the whole quantity that can
possibly belong to it.
38. Three things none but God can do: to endure the eternities of
Ceugant; to participate of every state
without changing; and to ameliorate and renovate every thing without causing the loss of it.
39. Three things that can never be annihilated, from their unavoidable
possibilities: form of existence; quality
of existence; and the utility of existence; for these will, divested of their evils, exist for ever, whether animate
or inanimate, as beautiful and good varieties of the circle Gwynvyd.
40. The three excellencies of changing condition in Gwynvyd: instruction;
beauty; and repose, from not being
able to endure the Ceugant and eternity.
41. There are three things on their increase : fire, or light, understanding,
or truth; and the soul, or life; these
will prevail over every thing, and then Abred will end.
42. There are three things on the wane: the dark; the false, and the dead.
43. Three things acquire strength daily, there being a majority of
desires towards them : love; knowledge; and
44. Three things grow more enfeebled daily, there being a majority
of desires in opposition to them: hatred;
injustice; and ignorance.
45. The three plenitudes of Gwynvyd: participation of every nature,
with a plenitude of one predominant;
conformity to every Awen, and in one excelling; love towards every living being and existence, and towards
one, that is, God, above all; in these three ones will the plenitude of Awen and Gwynvyd consist.
46. The three necessities of God : to be: infinite in Himself; to
be finite to the finite; and to be co-united with
every state of animated being. in the circle of Gwynvyd.
1. Three things cannot but exist: life; power; and truth.
2. God consists of three things: life; power; and knowledge. Otherwise-Three
things that cannot be dispensed
with in God, &c.
3. The three principal essentials of goodness: love; power; and wisdom;
each one being perfect of necessity,
and indispensable nature. Love; justice; and truth.
4. There are three Unities, and they cannot have seconds: one God;
one truth; and one point of liberty; and in
these three all goodness is rooted in respect of power, goodness, and knowledge.
5. There are three necessary distinctions between man and God: man
has size and measure, which God cannot
have; man has a beginning, which God cannot have; man is subject to the change of condition, which God
6. The three kinds of existences: God; the living; and the dead.
7. Three things which God cannot be; feeble ; unwise; and unmerciful. Others say,-
8. Three things which God cannot be: folly; feeble; and unmerciful.
9. Three things which God cannot but be : whatever perfect goodness
ought to be; whatever perfect goodness
would desire to be; and whatever perfect goodness can be.
10. Three things, without which there can be neither God nor perfect
goodness: perfect knowledge; perfect
will; and perfect power.
11. The three tendencies of the order of God's work in the formation
of all things: to subdue the evil; to
elevate the good; and to manifest every nature in respect of necessity and privilege-To weaken the evil; to
strengthen the good; and to manifest every distinction.
12. Three things that God appointed supreme of every existence: love; truth; and knowledge.
13. The three supports of a moral man: God; his own conscience; and the praise of all the wise.
14. Three things that exhibit God: His powerful existence; His significant
existence; and His necessary
15. There are three necessary existences, which cannot but be; the
greatest of every thing, that is, God; the
least of every thing, that is, nothing; and the middle, that is, finiteness.
16. Three things that cannot but be in some place or time: the most
necessary; the most useful; and the most
desirable; and this cannot but be God.
17. Three things God cannot but perform: what is most useful; what
is most necessary; and what is most
18. The three witnesses of God in respect of His works: His infinite
power; infinite knowledge; and infinite
love; for there is nothing that these attributes cannot accomplish; cannot seek; and cannot wish.
19. The three principal attributes of God : essence; knowledge; and power.
20. The three principal properties of knowledge: feeling; understanding; and seeking.
21. The three principal properties of essence: substance; quality; and motion.
22. The three principal properties of power: love; purpose; and order.
23. The three principal manifestations of God: what can be done by
perfect power; what is done by perfect
love; and what perfect knowledge knows. Others say,-the three manifestations of God: fatherhood; sonship;
24. Three things that are one in will and tendency with all goodness:
God in His might; an awakened
conscience; and the judgment of wise men.
25. The three causes of animate beings in the hands of God: love
desiring felicity to the utmost extent of
perfect understanding; wisdom knowing the utmost means; and power to accomplish the utmost conception of
understanding and love.
26. The three causations of all acts: necessity and contingence in
the circle of Abred; choice by reason of
liberty in the life of man; and choice from love in the circle of Gwynvyd.
27. The three co-operations of man with God: to endure; to consider;
and to love; nor can man co-operate with
God in any other thing. To endure is the chief of all, for the others cannot take place without it.
28. Three things that are discordant with God: misfortune; falsehood; and despair.
29. Three places in which there will be most of God: where there
is most of what will love Him ; most of what
will seek Him; and least of self.
30. There are three things, and God is found where they are looked for: mercy; truth; and peace.
31. Three things that man knows not what they are: God; nothing; and infinity.
32. There are three circles of existence: the circle of Ceugant,
which God only can traverse; the circle of
Abred, which man has traversed; and the circle of Gwynvyd, which man shall traverse.
33. The three materials employed by God in making all things: love; wisdom; and power. (See Triad 25.)
34. The three excellences of the state of man: the end of Abred; liberty; and communion with the blessed.
35. The three felicities of heaven : the utter subjugation of all
evil; everlasting life; and the endless renovation
36. The three primary contemporaries of the world: man; light; and liberty.
37. The three prominent features of the state of living beings: mortals; terrestrials ; and celestials.
38. God consists of three qualities: what cannot be otherwise; what
cannot be dispensed with; and what cannot
39. The three plenitudes of Ceugant: God; justice; and love.
40. Three things which cannot but be in God: supreme power; supreme wisdom; and supreme love.
41. There are three causes of death: ignorance; unrestrained love
for the good; and inability to endure the
Ceugant; that is to say, from love proceeds knowledge, and by knowledge may the obligation of Ceugant be
avoided, that is, from knowledge proceeds the change of condition.
42. The three essential attributes of God: eternity; power; and love;
and they are called impulsive attributes,
because God cannot exist without them.
43. The three impulsive necessities of man: to suffer; to change;
and to choose; and because of the third, it
cannot be known when the two first will happen.
44. The three conditions of the necessity of humanity: the equiponderant
commixture of Abred and Gwynvyd,
and hence, consideration; the experience of good and evil, and hence, judgment; choice from judgment
consequent upon consideration, and hence, liberty.
45. The three instrumentalities of God in Abred for subduing evil
and Cythraul, and escaping from it towards
Gwynvyd: death; necessity; and forgetfulness.
46. The three stabilities of Gwynvyd: the pleasure of God granting;
the power of God strengthening; and the
knowledge of God directing.
47. The three properties of knowledge: love towards the best; seeking
it; judgment from experience, on
obtaining it, and choice according to judgment, on seeing what is not.
48. Three things will prevail at last: fire; truth; and God.
49. The three places of the being and existence of all animation:
with Cythraul in Annwn; with light in the state
of man; and with God in Gwynvyd.
50. There are three oppressions and onsets on the circle of Ceugant:
pride; perjury; and cruelty; because, of
free will, and endeavor, and pre-arrangement, they force existence upon things that ought not to be, and that
cannot accord with the indispensables of the circle of Gwynvyd. And by making this assault, man falls in Abred
even to Annwn. The chief and most grievous is pride, because it is from this that the other two oppressions are
derived; and it was from pride that the first fall in Abred occurred, after the original progression to the species
and state of humanity in Gwynvyd.
51. Three victories will occasion an escape, namely: victories over
pride; uncharitable hatred; and cupidity;
for no one with these can attain to the circle of Gwynvyd, because they will not accord with Gwynvyd, and
Gwynvyd cannot be obtained from their natures.
52. The three usurpations of pride: to distort every thing so that
the truth cannot be seen; to enslave every
liberty, so that one cannot free himself from Abred; and to make a predatory onset on God and His
prerogative, so that there can be no justice.
53. The three stabilities of pride: usurpation and theft; murder
and ambuscade; and imposing belief upon what
54. The three primary sins are: pride; cruelty; and falsehood.
55. There are three circles of existence: the circle of Ceugant,
where there is neither animate or inanimate
save God, and God only can traverse it; the circle of Abred, where the dead is stronger than the living, and
where every principal existence is derived from the dead, and man has traversed it; and the circle of
Gwynvyd, where the living is stronger than the dead, and where every principal existence is derived from the
living and life, that is from God, and man shall traverse it; nor will man attain to perfect knowledge, until he
shall have fully traversed the circle of Gwynvyd, for no absolute knowledge can be obtained but by the
experience of the senses, from having borne and suffered every condition and incident.
56. There are three occasions for death on the part of God: to better
the condition in Abred; to renovate life
for the sake of reposing from then on endurance of Ceugant; and to experience every state of the living and
life, and what by nature and incident belongs to it, that is, in order to collect the particular kind of knowledge,
and thereby obtain utter and complete knowledge respecting every animation and being, and every quality and
essence, for otherwise than by means of this progression in Abred it is impossible to learn and be skilled in all
the sciences, which can by nature and of necessity exist; and without them it is impossible to bear with the
circle of Gwynvyd.
57. There are three things which distinguish all living things, one
from the other: what is nearest of all to God
in respect of its particularity; distinctive Awen, which cannot have another of the same kind; and supreme
bliss, being greatest of all of its kind.
58. Every living being has three things in respect of individuality
and particular character, namely: plenitude
of what he is, and it is impossible that there should be a second of the same, since there can be no two
plenitudes of any thing; one entire uniformity in respect of order and mutual advantage; and one point of
contentment, and no one seeks what is otherwise, since it was from ignorance of it that the pains of Annwn,
and the cause of Abred, ensued.
59. There are three reasons for changing the state of existence and
life in Gwynvyd: the instruction that is
obtained therefrom; the beauty of novation; and repose from the non endurance of the eternity of Ceugant.
60. There are three things, each of which can have but one plenitude
in respect of kind and Awen; one
uniformity in respect of order and mutual advantage; and one supremacy, that is, God over all. (See the last
61. The three principal co-existences of the circle of Gwynvyd: love
as far as the necessity of it requires;
order until it can not be improved; and knowledge as far as thought and perception can reach.
62. Three things cannot exist in the circle of Gwynvyd: death; uncharitableness;
and disorder. Others say;-
need; uncharitableness; and disorder.
63. There are three judgments relative to duty, whereby it may be
understood: what does another man forbid,
and what would he himself forbid in another man; what does another man seek, and what would he himself
seek of another man under the same circumstances; and what can be borne and desired for ever by all
animations and existences in the circle of Gwynvyd, where neither uncharitableness or injustice can exist, for
whatever does not agree with that can be nought but undutifulness, disorder, injustice, and uncharitableness.
64. The three stabibties of Gwynvyd: to know the nature of evil,
and to have endured it in Abred; to know the
nature of good, and to experience it in Gwynvyd; and to know of every living form, its specialty, and
individuality, extending, by the pleasure, purpose, and will of God, to the general good. And in these things
there is security and firmness, for God cannot otherwise support it out of love to truth and justice of, and God
can do nothing but truth and justice, and from truth and justice there can be nought but perfect love, and there
can be no uncharitableness but an injustice.
65. From three things arises uncharitableness, that is: man doing
injustice, and thereby causing
uncharitableness to the one that suffers it; from suffering and receiving injustice at the hands of another,
whence uncharitableness goes towards the one that does injustice; and from ignorance of the nature of
uncharitableness, and the way in which it instigates anger, self-defense, and opposition in respect to it, whence
enmity ensues alternately world without end.
66. The three stabilities of unity: one without another, and hence
firm liberty; entirety without many, and
hence firm power; and many in entirety, and hence firm knowledge; and from these three is formed firm unity;
and there can be no firm unity but from God.
67. The three instabilities of many: non gregariousness, for there
can be no individuality and specialty in
respect of any one head or kind as distinguished from another thing or quality, or no place for the one and the
other at the same period and time; finiteness, for there can be no infiniteness where there is another of the
same kind and quality, however little he may be in respect of the kind and quality of his existence;
changeableness, for, where there are two or many in number, one must bear the preference over another, and
this can be changed, so that the one that was last may be first, and the place and time be altered, so that one
can go from one place to another, and from one time to another, and from one state to another, such
particulars being driven by one to the other. On this account God or gods cannot consist of many, nor can God
be manifold or of many.
68. From three causes was there a fall in Abred: from pride that
ventured into the circle of Ceugant, out of
contempt and hatred of the circle of Gwynvyd, and out of desire for what was otherwise; hence violence was
brought against God and goodness, and what indispensably appertains to Gwynvyd, that is, love, and all truth
and justice ; and from the fear of reason; and of duty.
69. The three principal states of created animations: Annwn, in which
was their beginning; Abred, which they
traverse for the sake of collecting sciences; and Gwynvyd, where they will end in plenteousness to the utmost
extent of their knowledge, and goodness, so much that more cannot possibly be had.
70. The three causes for disanimation: to deliver and be delivered
from obligatory evil and worse; to approach
and be raised towards Gwynvyd; and the non endurance of Ceugant and its want of repose, for there is none
but God, who being infinite, can traverse it, and the finite cannot prevail against the infinite.
71. There are three kinds of death: punishment and pain for sin;
the love of God in bringing all animation and
existence from worse to better in Gwynvyd; and repose in Gwynvyd from not being able to endure the
eternities of Ceugant.
72. The three blessed epochs of man to receive life, such as having
a soul at birth, or in the revival from a
swoon; to give life, or to generate; and to change life, or to die, which is a going from worse to better.
The Triads of Bardism, that is, the Triads of godly sciences, and
of wisdom through Awen from God, which
was given through the Holy Spirit to the primitive Bards of the isle of Britain from the age of ages, according
to the system and instruction of the three primary Bards and teachers of The Isle of Britain and the nation of
the Cymry. And this instruction is adjudged as authorized by the memorials and practice of the Gorsedd of the
Bards of the Isle of Britain, in light of the nation of the Cymry, and according to the privilege and usage of the
Bards of the Isle of Britain.
1. There are three immeasurable unities : place; time; and life;
that is, neither one nor other of them has
either a beginning or an end.
2. There are three primary unities, and more than one of each cannot
exist: one God; one truth; and one point
of liberty, and that is, where all things, and all opposites, equiponderate.
3. Three things spring from the three primary unities: all life; all goodness; and all power.
4. The three attributes of God, being of primary co-existance: the
greatest of all things in respect of life; and
the greatest of all things in respect of might and power. Others say thus:-
5. God is of three necessities, that is: the greatest in respect
of life; the greatest in respect of knowledge; and
the greatest in respect of might and power; and there can only be one greatest of any thing.
6. Three things which God cannot but be: what perfect goodness ought
to be; what perfect goodness would
desire to be; and what perfect goodness can be.
7. The three primaries of all things : materiality; motion; and vitality.
8. The three characteristics of existence: time; place; and action.
9. The three stabilities of existence: nature; individuality; and continuance.
10. The three discriminations of existence: size ; form; and operation.
1. The three stabilities of unity, namely: completeness, for there
can be no two kinds of one universality ;
infinity, for there can be no limit to one entirety; and immutability, for it cannot be that one completeness,
universality, and entirety should be other than they are. Therefore, there can be no God but from fundamental
2. Three things united will produce power: I, Thou, and It; that
is to say, the I willing, the Thou performing
what the I wills, and the It becoming what is decided by the I, willing in union with the Thou. And they are
called the three fundamentals, because from them in one are proven might and existence.
3. There are three judgments of duty, in which it will be understood;
what a man forbids in another; what he
gains from another; and what is compatible with the circle of Gwynvyd.
4. Three victories will cause an escape: over uncharitableness; over
covetousness; and over disorder; for
these will not accord with the circle of Gwynvyd.
5. The three principal co-existences of the circle of Gwynvyd: love
as far as its necessity requires; order until
it cannot be improved; and knowledge as far as it can be conceived and comprehended.
6. There are three things that cannot take place in the circle of
Gwynvyd: death; uncharitableness; and
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